Large areas of inner London have experienced gentrification, the growth of a new middle class population, in recent decades. This has mainly been a white led process and a key issue for many gentrifiers has been the nature and standard of educational provision for their children.

In the last decade, gentrification has begun to expand into the East End of London. This once solidly working class area has also become increasingly multi-ethnic but, with the exception of Docklands, has not seen the same scale of gentrification witnessed elsewhere in inner London. This is now beginning to change but it is not necessarily following the pattern of a mainly white led gentrification that has occurred to date in inner London. This raises interesting questions about ethnicity, class and education.

The project examines the relationship between gentrification, changes in ethnic composition and education attainment and aspirations in East London over the last 10-20 years, using the decennial Census of population and other secondary data sources, questionnaire surveys and in-depth interviews of predominantly middle class households of various ethnicities in five areas of East London. It examines their residential decisions, their relations with other residents, and their educational aspirations and strategies.



Ethnicity, class and aspiration : understanding London's new East End

Author: Tim Butler Date: Wednesday, February 16, 2011 Book

Location education : place, choice, constraint in London

Author: Tim Butler Date: Tuesday, February 8, 2011 Journal article

‘You take what you are given’ : the limits to parental choice in education in east London

Author: Tim Butler Date: Saturday, December 11, 2010 Journal article

The changing ethnic structure of housing tenures in London, 1991-2001

Author: Chris Hamnett Date: Monday, January 11, 2010 Journal article

Inward and upward : marking out social class change in London, 1981-2001

Author: Tim Butler Date: Tuesday, January 1, 2008 Article (submitted)

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Full research report

Author: Timothy Stephen Clos Butler Date: Wednesday, October 17, 2007 Full research report

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Non-technical summary

Author: Timothy Stephen Clos Butler Date: Wednesday, October 17, 2007 Research summary

The learning curve

person involved: Tim Butler Date: Thursday, March 29, 2007 Audio/video recording

School choice : a European perspective

Author: Timothy Stephen Close Butler Date: Monday, January 1, 2007 Article (submitted)

Social background, ethnicity, school composition and educational attainment in East London

Author: Timothy Stephen Close Butler Date: Monday, January 1, 2007 Article (submitted)

The geography of education : introduction

Author: Timothy Stephen Clos Butler Date: Monday, January 1, 2007 Article (submitted)

Classifying pupils by where they live : how well does this predict variations in their GCSE results?

Author: Timothy Stephen Clos Butler Date: Monday, January 1, 2007 Article (submitted)

The best, the worst and the average : secondary school choice and education performance in East London

Author: Tim Butler Date: Monday, January 1, 2007 Article (submitted)

Start date
Saturday, January 1, 2005
End date
Friday, June 29, 2007
Grant holder
Professor Timothy Stephen Close Butler
Co-applicants
Professor Chris Hamnett
Grant amount
$224,062.44
Grant reference
RES-000-23-0793
Discipline
Human Geography
Grant type